The Bridgewater Canal is part of the Waterways of Mainland Britain and is made up of the Bridgewater Canal (Preston Brook Branch), the Bridgewater Canal (Main Line), the Bridgewater Canal (Pomona Lock Branch), the Bridgewater Canal (Hulme Lock Branch), the Bridgewater Canal (Stretford and Leigh Branch) and the Bridgewater Canal (Runcorn Locks Branch).
The navigational authority for this waterway is The Bridgewater Canal Company Limited
Relevant books - waterway maps:
- Waterway Routes 01M - England and Wales Map
- Waterway Routes 83M - Cheshire Ring Map (Downloadable)
- Waterway Routes 25M - Bridgewater Canal Map (Downloadable)
Relevant books - waterway guides:
- Collins Nicholson Waterways Guides No 5 - North West & the Pennines
- Pearson's Canal Companion: Cheshire Ring & South Pennine Ring
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Wikipedia has a page about Bridgewater Canal
The Bridgewater Canal connects Runcorn, Manchester and Leigh, in North West England. It was commissioned by Francis Egerton, 3rd Duke of Bridgewater, to transport coal from his mines in Worsley to Manchester. It was opened in 1761 from Worsley to Manchester, and later extended from Manchester to Runcorn, and then from Worsley to Leigh.
The canal is connected to the Manchester Ship Canal via a lock at Cornbrook; to the Rochdale Canal in Manchester; to the Trent and Mersey Canal at Preston Brook, southeast of Runcorn; and to the Leeds and Liverpool Canal at Leigh. It once connected with the River Mersey at Runcorn but has since been cut off by a slip road to the Silver Jubilee Bridge.
Often considered to be the first "true" canal in England, it required the construction of an aqueduct to cross the River Irwell, one of the first of its kind. Its success helped inspire a period of intense canal building in Britain, known as "canal mania". It later faced intense competition from the Liverpool and Manchester Railway and the Macclesfield Canal. Navigable throughout its history, it is one of the few canals in Britain not to have been nationalised, and remains privately owned. Pleasure craft now use the canal which forms part of the Cheshire Ring network of canals.